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【爱马斯全球】了解一次性手套材料:丁腈

Nitrile disposable gloves are a popular alternative to latex gloves in many industries. In fact, they are a key driver of growth in the industrial disposable glove market, particularly in applications that require contact with harsh chemicals and solvents, such as the automotive industry.

在许多行业,一次性丁腈手套已成为了乳胶手套的替代品。实际上,它是一次性工业手套市场增长的关键驱动力。特别是在某些需接触化学品和溶剂的行业,如汽车业(它们经常代替乳胶手套)。 

One of the more immediate benefits of these gloves is they are latex free, which is a benefit for both users and consumers who come into contact with the gloves. In a tattoo shop, for example, an artist may not have a latex allergy. However, some customers might, and nitrile gloves protect these customers from having an allergic reaction.

这类手套有一个直接的优点:它不含乳胶。(乳胶手套的乳胶蛋白成分可能会致敏)这对接触者及用户而言都是个好消息。比如在纹身店,纹身师可能对乳胶不过敏,可有些客户会过敏。而丁腈手套可以避免客户有过敏反应。 

What makes these gloves so appealing to the automotive, safety and other industries? The answer: a durable synthetic rubber, nitrile.

什么使得这些手套在汽车、安全等其他行业如此受欢迎呢?答案是:丁腈,耐用的合成材料。

What is nitrile?

什么是丁腈?

 

Unlike latex disposable gloves, which are made from natural rubber, nitrile gloves are synthetic. Nitrile is short for acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber. This material is created from monomers – acrylonitrile and butadiene – which are molecules that are bonded together.
与天然橡胶制成的一次性乳胶手套不同,丁腈手套是合成的。丁腈是丙烯腈-丁二烯橡胶的缩写。它由丙烯腈和丁二烯单体构成,是分子与分子结合的产物。

 Nitrile gloves come in a wide variety of colors, which can help to differentiate sizing and prevent cross contamination. For example, there are blue gloves for size medium and indigo gloves for size large to differentiate sizing or blue gloves for poultry and green gloves for vegetables.

丁腈手套有着多种颜色。这可用来区分尺码并防止交叉污染。例如,用蓝色表示中号手套,靛蓝色表示大号手套这样的方法来区分大小。或用蓝色手套接触家禽、绿色手套处理蔬菜的方法(区分用途)。

 Nitrile gloves are available in a wide variety of colors and styles. Black, blue, orange, and indigo gloves are featured here, representing the automotive, medical, industrial and tattoo shop applications, respectively.丁腈手套有多种颜色和款式可供选择。黑色、蓝色、橙色和靛蓝色手套是极具代表性的。可分别代表用于汽车、医疗、工业和纹身店的操作(手套)。

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  What are the benefits of nitrile gloves?

丁腈手套有哪些特性?

 The chemical resistance, a result of the acrylonitrile monomer, is one of the most important features of nitrile gloves. Nitrile is able to withstand mineral oils, vegetable oils, grease, gasoline, diesel fuel and many acids. This is why these gloves are among the preferred choices for automotive, food processing and safety applications. In fact, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recommends nitrile gloves as a barrier between auto technicians and paints and organic solvents.

耐化学性,是丙烯腈单体的表现,也是丁腈手套最重要的特征之一。丁腈能耐矿物油、植物油、润滑油、汽油、柴油燃料和许多酸。这就是为何它成为了汽车、食品加工和安全应用业的首选(手套)。实际上,美国环境保护署也建议使用丁腈手套,从而给予汽修师在双手和油漆及有机溶剂间提供保护屏障。

 “With durable nitrile gloves, dentists and hygienists can better maintain a safe barrier between themselves and their patients.”

使用耐用的丁腈手套,牙医和牙齿保健师就能更好地维护自己和病人之间的安全屏障。

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Additionally, nitrile gloves are highly puncture resistant – three to five times more so than latex. They are also more elastic than vinyl. Dentists prefer this material because of the strength and durability, especially with the sharp tools they use. With durable nitrile gloves, dentists and hygienists can better maintain a safe barrier between themselves and their patients.
另外,丁腈手套的耐穿刺性能是乳胶的35倍。它们的弹性也比乙烯基塑料强。因为它结实耐用,牙科医生更中意这种材料的手套。特别是在使用锐利的工具时,穿戴耐用的丁腈手套能为牙科医生和牙齿保健师提供一个良好的保护。

 

One key consideration for all disposable glove materials is how they conform to wearers’ hands. Thanks to the butadiene, nitrile is a flexible rubber, which allows wearers to experience optimal tactile sensitivity. Additionally, nitrile gloves conform to hands as they are warmed by body heat. This attribute offers excellent dexterity, which is particularly important for medical professionals or persons working with small parts or tools.

如何更贴合手形对于一次性材料而言是一个重要关注点。由于含有丁二烯,丁腈成为了一种灵活的材料。它能使穿戴者体验到最佳的手感。此外,丁腈手套能根据体温贴合手部。特别是针对医疗专业人员和需操作小部件的工人们来说,这个属性提高了(手套的)灵活性。

 Nitrile gloves are offered in both powder and powder free in a variety of styles and thicknesses. The range of options provides disposable gloves that are personalized to the application.

丁腈手套有粉手套和无粉手套两大类,并有多种款式和厚度。多重选择给予了多种操作更多个性化的手套。

 


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