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【爱马斯全球】处理油漆和涂料稀释剂不能没有手套

Lacquer and paint thinners are harsh solvents that should not be handled without the correct personal protective equipment (PPE). This is because these substances, which are used in the construction, automotive, retail and maritime industries, present several health risks when they are not handled safely.

油漆和涂料稀释剂是有毒溶剂,处理它们的时候不能没有正确的个人防护装备(PPE)。当没有安全处理的时候,这些在建筑、汽车(业)、零售(业)和海洋工业中使用的物质会存在一些健康风险。

If certain workers use paint and lacquer thinners without gloves, they may experience dermatitis, skin irritation and numbness in the areas that come in contact the solvents. With repeated exposure to the chemicals, the side effects become more severe, ranging from liver disease to an increased risk of cancer, as indicated by material safety data sheets (MSDSs) for these solvents.

如果一些工作人员在处理油漆和涂料稀释剂时没有穿戴手套,那么可能在接触溶剂的部位就会出现皮炎、皮肤刺激和麻木。通过这些溶剂的材料安全数据表明,(如果)反复暴露于化学品中,副作用就会越来越严重。(其范围)可从肝病升级为癌症。

With these hazards in mind, always consider the following PPE for safe handling of paint and lacquer thinners:

有了这些危害(常识),(大家)需要考虑以下劳保用品以安全地处理油漆和涂料稀释剂。

The importance of disposable gloves

一次性手套的重要性

Disposable gloves protect workers' hands while they use paint and lacquer thinners. 

当工作人员使用油漆和涂料稀释剂时,一次性手套为其提供了保护。

Nitrile gloves are perfect for handling these substances because they stand up to the specific chemicals that are typically found in these solvents. This is because they are made from a petroleum-based synthetic material that is designed to provide chemical resistance. According to an MSDS from GC Electronics, its paint thinner contains a mixture of toluene and hydrotreated naphtha - about 40-50 percent of each. Based on these chemicals, the data sheet recommended nitrile gloves for use because the material is resistant to this mixture.

丁腈手套是处理这些物质的完美(之选),因为它能抵抗这些溶剂中特有的化学物质。这是因为它们是由一种以石油为基础的合成材料制成的,目的是为了有耐化学性。根据气象色谱电子的一个数据值(表明),其涂料稀释剂中含有甲苯和氢化石脑油的混合物,每只含40-50%。基于这些化学物质,数据表推荐使用丁腈手套,因为(丁腈)材料对这些混合物是有抗性的。

Lacquer thinner, which has a higher solvency than paint thinner and is therefore a harsher substance, often contains chemicals such as methanol and hexane. Nitrile also provides sufficient resistance to these and other ingredients commonly found in lacquer thinners.

油漆稀释剂,一种比涂料稀释剂溶解力更高的(稀释剂),(所以)是一种有害物质。它通常包含有类如甲醇和正乙烷的化学物质。丁腈也能对这些材料及其他油漆稀释剂中的常见材料提供足够的防御力。

Workers should keep in mind the permeation times for each chemical in these solvents in relation to nitrile. For instance, the naphtha in a mixture will not wear down a nitrile glove quickly, but the permeation time could decrease if the solvent contains methyl ethyl ketone, which is not recommended for use with nitrile gloves. This chemical clearly degrades the glove material. Latex gloves are a better option for handling thinners with methyl ethyl ketone but for only a limited duration per glove pair.

工作人员们应该牢记与丁腈有关的,这些溶剂中的化学物质每一个渗漏的时间。比如,混合物中的石脑油不会马上磨损丁腈手套,但如果溶剂含有了丁酮,一种丁腈不耐的物质,渗漏时间就会缩短。这种化学物质明显地缩短了手套材料(使用期)。乳胶手套是处理含丁酮稀释液更好的选择,但是每副手套只能在有限的时间内处理(丁酮)。1.jpg

If workers use paint thinner to dilute paint for use with a spray applicator, they should wear gloves and a face mask.

如果工作人员用喷射剂和涂料稀释剂稀释了涂料,他们应该穿上手套和面罩。

Face masks

面罩

Paint and lacquer thinners can be used with spray applicators. Also, they are often present in lacquers and paint to thin those coatings for use with a spray applicator. To reduce the inhalation risk, workers should don N-95-rated face masks. These products will prevent individuals from directly inhaling the solvents during the spraying process. It is important to note face masks address the risk of particles from the spray solutions entering the nose and mouth but do not filter vapors. Depending on the compounds being sprayed, a respirator mask is appropriate for more dangerous chemical use. 

涂料稀释剂和油漆稀释剂可以用喷射剂喷射。同时,它们也往往通过喷射剂出现在涂料和油漆中,来稀释涂层。为了减少吸入(这些化学物质)的风险,工作人员应该戴上N95系列的面罩。在喷射过程中,这些产品可以防止工作人员直接吸入溶剂。注意面罩能对付喷射溶液中的颗粒(带来的)风险,(它能阻止其)进入鼻子和嘴巴,但不能过滤掉水蒸气。根据喷射的化合物,防毒面具是许多有毒化学物质(最)适合的使用(工具)。

The importance of on-site testing and glove changes

现场试验和手套变化的重要性

When selecting PPE for handling any chemical, it is important to conduct on-site testing. This is particularly true of paint and lacquer thinners, as chemical mixtures for these substances vary by manufacturer. Testing allows workers to have a more accurate picture of permeation times and degradation, which provides a better idea of how often workers must change gloves and which material works best based on the task. 

当选择PPE处理化学物质时,现场试验就尤为重要了。而当这些物质的化学混合物随制造商的不同而各异时,对油漆稀释剂和涂料稀释剂来说这尤其是真理。试验使得工作人员有一个更准确的(关于)渗漏时间、退化时间的图像,为(其)提供了“工作人员多久需要更换手套”(的提示)以及基于工作(形式)“应选用什么材质(的手套)”。

The chemical being sprayed will set the tone for the best glove choice. The GlovePlus HD Heavy Duty Nitrile Exam Gloves are the most commonly used gloves for lacquer and paint thinners. 

喷射的化学物质将给手套的最佳选择定调。GlovePlus,加厚版重工业丁腈检查手套是针对涂料稀释剂和油漆稀释剂最为常用的手套。

Stay tuned for the next installment in our series, which will cover the best PPE for salons.

敬请期待大家下一系列的产品,它将涵盖最优质PPE,为沙龙业(提供防护屏障)。

Paint and lacquer thinners are two solvents that shouldn't be handled without gloves.

涂料稀释剂和油漆稀释剂是两种不该没有手套就处理的溶剂。


上一篇: 【爱马斯全球】制造商是如何测试手套质量的 下一篇:【爱马斯全球】为什么对于奶牛养殖业,丁腈手套是最佳选择?
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