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【爱马斯全球】生产商如何检测一次性手套的质量

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爱马斯,手套品牌领导者

Given the many uses for disposable gloves, they must undergo rigorous inspection before they are ready for sale. In the automotive, janitorial-sanitation and agricultural industries, workers deal with a number of harsh chemicals, which means the gloves they wear must be proven to provide the right amount of protection. The same is true for medical applications, where employees need a safe barrier against pathogens.

一次性手套在出厂销售之前必须经过严格的测试,以保证手套具备多种用途的属性。在汽车、保洁和农业,工作人员会接触到刺激性的化学物质,他们就必须佩戴一次性手套以提供适当的防护。在医疗领域,医护人员需要手套来建立屏障以抵御病原体。

As such, manufacturers use extensive testing to determine which applications aglove is appropriate for, with medical-grade gloves having higher standards.Here's an overview of the process:

为此,生产商必须通过广泛的检测,以确保手套能够为应用领域提供防护,当然,医疗级别的手套有更高的测试标准。以下是检测的概述:

Standards for minimum quality

质量标准的基本要求

Glove inspection is based on acceptable quality limits (AQL). For this product, the

U.S. Food and Drug Administration sets this standard, and the testing methods for AQL are from the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), a firm that creates standards for various industries across the world.

检测手套是基于抽样标准表(AQL)进行的。美国食品和药品管理局为手套设置了AQL这一标准,该测试方法源于美国材料与试验协会(ASTM),它是一家为全世界各行各业创建标准的企业。


AQL is a method that applies to batches of gloves and functions as a percentage. For example, in a batch of 100 gloves with an AQL of 3.0, only three gloves in the batch can fail the test. For medical-grade gloves the AQL is 1.5 or lower. If more than three gloves fail, the entire batch does not meet the standard. In this case, manufacturers will review the manufacturing process to determine what requires adjustment.

AQL是在百分比中测试手套功能的一个方法,适用于批量检测手套。例如,同一批次100只手套的AQL检测标准数值是3.0,说明100只手套最多只能有3 只手套被测为不合格。医用手套的AQL标准是 1.5 或更低。如果超过 3 只手套被检测为不合格,整个批次就不符合标准。在这种情况下,制造商将审查手套的制造过程,来确定哪一步骤需要调整。

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(考虑到医疗领域的风险,医疗级手套的 AQL 值会很低)

Testing methods for gloves

手套的测试方法

Glove quality testing involves various inspections. The pinhole leak test, which checks for barrier integrity, is one that determines whether gloves are suitable for medical applications. This is because even the smallest breach in the glove material permits wearers from exposure to pathogens. In this test, manufacturers fill the gloves with one liter of water, close the gloves at the cuff and hang the gloves upside down. Gloves that do not have leaks during the testing period are acceptable for medical applications.

手套质量检测涉及多种检查。针孔测试,是手套是否具备提供防护能力的检测,这决定了该种手套能否适用于医疗应用。这是因为,即使手套上存在极小的破洞,也会使配戴者接触到病原体。在检测过程中,制造商会用一公升水充入手套,封闭手套的袖口倒挂手套。在此期间手套没有漏水,才能医用。


One interesting fact aboutdisposable glove testing and AQL is manufacturers typically producemedical-grade and industrial-grade gloves on the same line. Althoughindustrial-grade gloves also pass standard quality testing by the manufacturer,they are not required to undergo FDA testing for medical purposes.

关于AQL有个有趣的事实:制造商通常在同一生产线生产医用级和工业级手套。虽然工业级手套也通过制造商的标准质量测试,但它们不需要接受美国食品和药物管理局的测试。


Thisis not to say industrial-grade gloves are not of safe quality, but it is simplya cost-efficient way for manufacturers to produce both types of gloves whileproviding the appropriate level of quality. Medical-grade gloves have higherAQL standards.

这并不是说工业级的手套质量不安全,AQL只是一个具有成本效益的方式。它为制造商同时生产这两种类型的手套提供适当的质量水准。AQL测试分为医疗手套和工业手套两种级别,医疗手套的AQL标准更高些。

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